Sambisari Temple: An Underground Temple


sambisari temple

Sambisari Temple Built at the time of King Rakai Garung government around the ninth century, this temple was ever burried by the volcanic materials of Mount Merapi. Because of that, the existence of Sambisari Temple becomes unknown. But now this temple become a very unique becouse because it is underground as deep as 5 meters.

HISTORY

THE CONTRUCTION OF SAMBISARI TEMPLE

Sambisari Temple was a Shivaite Hindu temple built around the first or second decade of the 9th century (circa 812-838). This conclusion was supported by the findings of a gold plate in the vicinity engraved with letters that according to paleography were used in early 9th century ancient Java.

According to Wanua Tengah inscription III dated 908 that contains the name of kings that ruled Mataram Kingdom, the temple was probably built during the reign of Rakai Garung (ruled 828-846). However, historians also consider that the construction of a temple was not always issued by a king. Lesser nobles might have also ordered and funded the construction.

DISCOVERY OF SAMBISARI TEMPLE

Sambisari Temple was discovered by chance when a farmer working in his paddy field accidentally hit a solid object in the ground with his hoe. Being curious, he dug and had a closer look at the object. He soon realized that it was a carved stone. Following up the discovery, Yogyakarta Archeological Office conducted necessary examination and excavation. In 1966, based on the report, experts concluded that a temple was concealed at the site, under the sand and rock sent by Mount Merapi when it erupted in 1906. The excavation, reconstruction and restoration of the temple finished in 1987.

SAMBISARI TEMPLE DESCRIPTION

Sambisari temple is a Hindu temple built in 9th-century. This temple located at Sambisari hamlet, Purwomartani village, Kalasan, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The temple was buried about five metres underground. Parts of the original temple have been excavated. The temple is located about 8 km east of Yogyakarta near Adisucipto International Airport and Prambanan Temple.

sambisari temple

TEMPLE’S ARCHITECTURE

The Sambisari complex was surrounded by a rectangular wall made from white stone measured 50 meters x 48 meters. In this main yard, there are eight small lingga, four located at the cardinal points and four others in the corners. The temple complex consisted of a main temple and a row of three smaller pervara (guardian) temples in front of it. The center pervara temple measures 4.9 x 4.80 meters, while northern and southern pervara temple measures 4.80 x 4.80 meters each. Each of these lesser temples has no stone body and roof, and only consists of base part and balustrades.

The main temple is facing west and took form of a square with size 13.65 meters x 13.65 meters. The temple has no real base (foot) part, so the sub-basement part also serves as the base part. The siar is adorned with makara supported by dwarf (gana). There is no Kala carving on top of the main gate. By ascending the stairs, the visitors can reach the rectangular 2.5 meters wide gallery, which has balustrades surrounding the main temple. On this gallery there are 12 umpak (stone base), 8 bases took round shape and 4 others are square ones. This stone bases probably used to support wooden pillars, suggesting that the main temple used to be covered by a roof structure made from organic materials that now are already decayed and gone.

sambisari temple

The body of the main temple measures 5 x 5 meters and 2.5 meters high. Around the temple walls are niches containing statues of Hindu gods, topped by Kala’s head. In the northern niche, there is a Durga statue, in the eastern niche, a Ganesha statue, and in the southern niche, a Agastya statue. The portal to the main room is on the western side. The entrance is flanked by niches that once contained guardian statues of Mahakala and Nandisvara. Inside the temple reside a yoni, measured 1.34 x 1.34 meters and 1.18 meters high. On the north side of the yoni, there is a water spout supported by Nāga serpent.

WHERE IS SAMBISARI TEMPLE?

Address: Purwomartani, Kalasan, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Village             : Purwomartani

Sub-district    : Kalasan

Regency          : Sleman

Province         : Yogyakarta

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY PRIVATE CAR:

Using Private car with driver means you are free for anything without bothering anyone else. You just do your own tour with friends or family in one car maximum of 5 people, if more than 5 people we can provide a larger car.

Private car tour is included: Car, an english speaking driver, fuel, Smbisari Temple entrance fee, parking, mineral water and transfer back to your hotel.

**) To get more information about our Tours and Transport service for your private Car, please read Jogja Tour Transport Service and Jogja TransporTeam

**) Find out Our Vehicles here: Toyota AvanzaDaihatsu Xenia, Suzuki Ertiga, Toyota Innova, Daihatsu Luxio, Toyota Hiace, Isuzu ElfKia TravelloMedium Bus, Toyota FortunerToyota Alphard and Toyota Camry.

*Our Transport is Support by :  Toyota Astra Indonesia, Daihatsu Indonesia, Suzuki Motor Indonesia

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY SHARING CAR:

Using Sharing car means, you’re joining a small group and share the transport price and seat with the other guests that going to the same direction or in one itinerary with minimum of 2 participants. An english speaking driver will pick up to your hotel and inform about your visit time for the places you visit.

Sharing car tour is included: Car, an english speaking driver, fuel, local Guide, parking and transfer back to your hotel.

** (Sharing Car Transport is recommended for budget Travellers and Students)

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT:

Start From Tugu Railway Station: Firstly you can take Trans Jogja with route ( 1A ) and stop in Airport shelter, then please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to Sambisari Temple.

Start From Adisucipto Airport: Firstly you can take Trans Jogja with route ( 3B ) and stop in Airport shelter, then please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to Sambisari Temple.

Start From Giwangan Bus Station: Firstly you can take Trans Jogja with route ( 3A ) and stop in Airport shelter, then please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to Sambisari Temple.

ANOTHER INFORMATION:

OPENING HOURS

At 07.00 AM – 05.00 PM

HOW MUCH IS IT?

Entrance Fee

IDR 5000/person

FIND SOME  OTHER TOURIST PLACES  NEAR SAMBISARI TEMPLE:

  1. PRAMBANAN TEMPLE
  2. IJO TEMPLE
  3. RAMAYANA BALLET PERFORMANCE
  4. PLAOSAN TEMPLE
  5. HS SILVER INDUSTRY
  6. RATU BOKO TEMPLE
  7. MATARAM LUWAK COFFE INDUSTRY
  8. SEWU TEMPLE

JOGJA HOTELS:

We also provide list of the best accomodation options for travelers. Please choose the list of Hotels below.

FIND ANOTHER ACCOMODATIONS IN JOGJA

Boutique Hotel – Resort – Villa – Bed & Breakfast – Hostel – Guesthouse – Homestay

SAMBISARI TEMPLE MAP:

BOOKING CONFIRMATION:

Anytime If you need transport to visit this place, you can contact me via Whatsapp (+62813 1880 6273)

Please send me your data via WhatsApp with this format for booking the tours:

Name                                                            : (The same name with the Hotel Booking)

Date of visit                                                : (From…/To…)

Number of traveler                                 : 

Room number of your Hotel/hostel : 

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