Mangkunegaran Palace (Keraton Surakarta): Centre Of Culture And Art


mangkunegaran palace

Mangkunegaran Palace complex is still function as the residence of Sri Sunan and his royal household that still run the royal tradition until now. This palace now become a centre of culture and art in solo/surakarta city, also one of the tourist attraction that you can visit in Surakarta. Some of the palace complexes are museums that shows various royal collections of sultan.

HISTORY

The establishment of Kasunanan Surakarta Hadiningrat was the impact of prolonged conflict in the Islamic Mataram Sultanate which 16th century. The early reign of the Islamic Mataram Sultanate was in Mentaok, then Kotagede (Yogyakarta). In the time of Amangkurat I (1645-1677), precisely in 1647, the central government was transferred to Plered (now in Bantul). Then, Amangkurat II (1680-1702), established a new kingdom in the east of Yogyakarta, in Wonokarto forest which was renamed Kartasura (now in Sukoharjo Regency, Central Java).

The construction of the new palace was done because the Plered palace was rebellious and considered unworthy to be used as a central government. The new palace in Kartasura which began built in 1679 was known as Kasunanan Kartasura Hadiningrat. Consequently, the successor to the throne of Amangkurat II in Kasasanan Kartasura Hadiningrat was Amangkurat III (1703-1708), Pakubuwono I (1704-1719), Amangkurat IV (1719-1726), up to Pakubuwono II (1726-1749).

mangkunegaran palace

The Mataram kingdom, based in Surakarta as the capital of government, was then faced with a rebellion as Prince Mangkubumi’s brother Pakubuwana II in 1746 left the palace and joined Raden Mas Said. In the middle of the war, Pakubuwana II died of illness in 1749. However, he had handed over the sovereignty of Kingdom to VOC in 1749. After the Treaty of Giyanti in 1755, this palace was then officially established as Kasunanan Surakarta palace.

GIYANTI AND SALATIGA AGREEMENT

Finally, through the Giyanti Agreement , signed in 1755 between Pakubuwana III, Prince Mangkubumi, and Dutch representative, Nicolas Hartingh, the dispute between Pakubuwono III and Prince Mangkubumi was settled. The charter also marked the official end to the unified and independent Mataram Sultanate since The Giaynti Treaty divided the Mataram Sultanate into the Yogyakarta Sultanate ruled by Prince Mangkubumi (who later took the name Hamengkubuwono I) and the Kasunanan Surakarta under Pakubuwono III. The Yogyakarta Sultanate then established the Keraton or Palace of Yogyakarta.

mangkunegaran palace

The Agreement also formed a new coalition between Surakarta, Yogyakarta and Dutch forces against the relentless Raden Mas Said. Under the Sumpah Paworing Kawula pledge: Tiji Tibeh, Mati Siji Mati Kabeh, Mukti Siji Mukti Kabeh (Death to one and Death to all, Glory to one and one Glory to all), Raden Mas Said and his forces continued his revolt against the Dutch orchestrated coalition. Three great battles were recorded during the course of 1752-1757 that dubbed Raden Mas Said as Pangeran Sambernyawa or The Prince of Life Taker, since he always brought terror and spread death in battlefields.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

This palace complex still functions as the residence of Sri Sunan and his royal household who still run the royal tradition until now. This palace now become a centre of culture and art in solo/surakarta city, also one of the tourist attractions in Surakarta. Some of the palace complexes are museums that store various royal collections, including the gifts of European kings, replica of the royal heirlooms and gamelan. Although this time the palace becomes a tourism site, but not all parts of the palace are open to the public.

The Surakarta palace is one of the exotic building today. One of the palace architect is KGPH. Mangkubumi ( titled Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I) who also became the main architect of Yogyakarta Palace. Therefore, it isn’t surprising that the basic patterns of the two spaces of the palace (Yogyakarta and Surakarta) have many common equations. These two palaces were not built simultaneously in 1744-1745, but were gradually constructed by the reigning Sri Sunan by maintaining the same basic pattern of spatial layout.

mangkunegaran palace

The massive construction and restoration was undertaken by Sri Susuhunan Pakubuwono X who reigned in 1893-1939, and the latest restoration was completed by the end of 2016 during the reign of Sri Susuhunan Pakubuwono XIII. Most of these palaces are white and blue and color. This palace is an example of Javanese-European blend architecture.

WHERE IS MANGKUNEGARAN PALACE?

Address: Baluwarti, Ps. Kliwon, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

Village          : Baluwati

Sub-district : Kliwon

Province       : Cental Jav

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY PRIVATE CAR:

Using Private car with driver means you are free for anything without bothering anyone else. You just do your own tour with friends or family in one car maximum of 5 people, if more than 5 people we can provide a larger car.

Private car tour is included: Car, an english speaking driver, fuel, Mangkunegaran Palace entrance fee, parking, mineral water, local guide and transfer back to your hotel.

**) To get more information about our Tours and Transport service for your private Car, please read Jogja Tour Transport Service and Jogja TransporTeam

**) Find out Our Vehicles here: Toyota AvanzaDaihatsu Xenia, Suzuki Ertiga, Toyota Innova, Daihatsu Luxio, Toyota Hiace, Isuzu ElfKia TravelloMedium Bus, Toyota FortunerToyota Alphard and Toyota Camry.

*Our Transport is Support by :  Toyota Astra Indonesia, Daihatsu Indonesia, Suzuki Motor Indonesia

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY SHARING CAR:

Using Sharing car means, you’re joining a small group and share the transport price and seat with the other guests that going to the same direction or in one itinerary with minimum of 2 participants. An english speaking driver will pick up to your hotel and inform about your visit time for the places you visit.

Sharing car tour is included: Car, an english speaking driver, fuel, local Guide, parking and transfer back to your hotel.

** (Sharing Car Transport is recommended for budget Travellers and Students)

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT:

Start From Adisucipto Airport: Firstly you can take Trans Jogja with route ( 3B ) and stop in giwangan Bus station, then please take a public bus to Surakarta city and stop at Surakarta bus station, then please take a public bus and stop on Sidikoro street, then please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to the Palace.

Start From Giwangan Bus Station: You can directly take a bus to Surakarta city and stop at Surakarta bus station, then please take a public bus and stop on Sidikoro street, then please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to the Palace.

Start From Tugu Railway Station: Firstly you can take Trans Jogja with route ( 2A ) and stop in Tungkak shelter, then please take route ( 4A ) to Giwangan Bus station, then please take a public bus to Surakarta city and stop at Surakarta bus station, then please take a public bus and stop on Sidikoro street, then please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to the Palace.

ANOTHER INFORMATION:

OPENING HOURS

At 09.00 A.M – 02.00 P.M (Monday – Thursday)

At 09.00 A.M – 03.00 A.M (Saturday – Sunday)

( Closed on Friday )

HOW MUCH IS IT?

Entrance Fee.

IDR 15.000 /Person

Camera permit : IDR 5000/kamera

PUBLIC FACILITIES

(Information Office, Official Local Guide Service, Restaurant, Wheel Chair, Free)

FIND SOME  OTHER TOURIST PLACES  NEAR MANGKUNEGARAN  PALACE:

  1. KLEWER MARKET
  2. CETHO TEMPLE
  3. SUKUH TEMPLE
  4. TRIWINDU ANTIC MARKET
  5. GROJONGAN SEWU WATERFALL
  6. SANGIRAN MUSEUM

JOGJA HOTELS:

We also provide list of the best accomodation options for travelers. Please choose the list of Hotels below.

FIND ANOTHER ACCOMODATIONS IN JOGJA

Boutique Hotel – Resort – Villa – Bed & Breakfast – Hostel – Guesthouse – Homestay

MANGKUNEGARAN PALACE MAP:

BOOKING CONFIRMATION:

Anytime If you need transport to visit this place, you can contact me via Whatsapp (+62813 1880 6273)

Please send me your data via WhatsApp with this format for booking the tours:

Name                                                            : (The same name with the Hotel Booking)

Date of visit                                                : (From…/To…)

Number of traveler                                 : 

Room number of your Hotel/hostel : 

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