Borobudur Temple (Candi Borobudur): Travel Guide


borobudur temple

Borobudur Temple is the world’s largest Buddhist site in the world, the name comes from the Sanskrit words vihara Buddha or Buddhist monastery on the hill. The best time to visit borobudur tempel is in the morning for sunrise and another time when full moon of  may or June to see vesak as a very exclusive celebration for buddhists around the world.

HISTORY:

THE CONSTRUCTION OF BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

It is estimated that the Borobudur temple was built in 730 and 830 AD during the reign of Syailendra dynasty that were buddists in central Java under the leadership of King Samarotthungga. This estimate is based on the discovery of a short article carved on the original relief of the temple’s foot (Karwa Wibhangga). This paper uses the letters pallawa which is identified as a letter used in the 8th century AD.

Architecture that designed the construction of the temple was Gunadharma which was a famous architect at that time. The construction was completed in 830 AD and very mysterious because humans at that time didn’t recognize high architectural calculations but borobudur built with sophisticated architectural calculations. According to the Kulrak inscription the making of this temple was assisted by a teacher from Ghandadwipa (Bengalore) named Kumaragacya highly respected, and a prince of Kashmir named Visvawarman as an expert adviser in the Buddhist teachings of Tantra Vajrayana. The construction of this temple began at the time of Maha Raja Dananjaya the title Sri Sanggramadananjaya, followed by his son, Samarotthungga, and by his granddaughter, Dyah Ayu Pramodhawardhani.

borobudur temple

ABANDOMENT OF BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

Borobudur Temple hidden and abandoned for centuries, buried under a layer of soil and volcanic ash from the eruption of Mount Merapi, then overgrown with trees and shrubs. So that Borobudur Temple at that time really resembles a hill. Then proceed with the beginning of the fall of dynasty syailendra which were Buddhists and also the kingdom of medang or kingdom of Hindu with the king mpu sindok or (Sri isyayana vikramadhamatunggadewa) from dynasty sanjaya who reign central java. Then began to move the central government to east Java around  928 – 1006. According to historical evidence, Borobudur Temple abandoned in the fifteenth century due to the increasingly powerful of Islamic empire in Java.

borobudur temple

DISCOVERY OF BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

In 1814 when the British occupied Indonesia, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles heard the discovery of giant archaeological objects in Bumisegoro village Magelang area. Because of his great interest in Javanese history, Raffles immediately ordered H.C. Cornelius, a Dutch engineer, to investigate the location of the discovery of a hill that was filled of bushes and cornelius began cleaning the Borobudur Temple.

Because of that discovery, Raffles was awarded as the person who started the restoration of Borobudur Temple and received world attention. In 1835, the entire area of ​​the temple has been dug up. This temple continued to be restored during the Dutch colonial period.

borobudur temple

After Indonesian independence, in 1956, the Indonesian government requested UNESCO assistance to investigate the damage to Borobudur Temple. Then in 1963, the official decision of the Indonesian government to restore Borobudur Temple with the help of UNESCO. But the restoration was really started on August 10, 1973. The restoration process was completed in 1984. After the renovation was finished, UNESCO listed Borobudur as a World Heritage Site in1991.

borobudur temple

These photos are taken from borobudurpark.com

VIDEO 1:

WAISAK CELEBRATION

Borobudur Temple has become a sacred place for Buddhists around the world and became the center of the most important annual celebration of Buddhists namely Waisak/Wesak.

Every year on the full moon of May (or June kabisat), Buddhists in Indonesia and in the world commemorate Vesak at Borobudur Temple. Vesak is commemorated as the day of birth, death and the moment when Siddharta Gautama gained the highest wisdom by becoming Shakyamuni Buddha. These three events are called Trisuci Waisak. The Vesak ceremony is centered on three Buddhist temples by walking from Mendut Temple to Pawon Temple and ending at Borobudur Temple.

borobudur temple

In the night of Vesak, especially during the peak moments of the full moon, Buddhists gather around Borobudur. At that time, Borobudur Temple believed to be a gathering place of supernatural powers. According to the belief, at the time of Vesak, the Buddha will appear visibly at the top of the mountain in the south.

borobudur temple

EXLUSIVE SUNRISE ON BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

Traveler who are interested to see the beautiful shining of sunrise that slowly emerged from behind of Mount Merapi which is still cover by mist. A very fresh and perfect morning will be complete if you enjoy the beauty of Borobudur that offers an unforgettable experience for sunrise lovers.

Sunrise on Borobudur Temple will show beautiful colors among the stones of the blackish gray temple. Not only that, reddish colors are also present on the eastern horizon as if greeted by stupas and statues of Buddha Sitting quietly. Enjoy slowly all the moments that there, on top of the extraordinary Borobudur temple.

borobudur temple

MANOHARA HOTEL ( The Entrance Of Borobudur Exclisive Sunrise )

In general, the exclusive sunrise package is provided by Manohara Hotel within Borobudur Temple Complex. You just need to enter the hotel which is south of the Borobudur temple’s gate and pay admission to the officer at the receptionist, or easier, ask your driver / guide to organize everything for you. When entering the Borobudur Temple, you will be escorted by a guide who will inform you the best position to enjoy the fascinating sunrise on Borobudur Temple.

After enjoying the, traveler will get morning tea, breakfast and souvenir for free.

borobudur temple

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE DESCRIPTION

Borobudur Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Borobudur District, Magelang regency of Central Java, about 15 km south of Magelang city 40 km from Yogyakarta. This temple is located in a hilly plain almost entirely surrounded by mountains. The mountains that surround this temple such as Mount Merbabu (the east), Mount Merapi (Northwest), Mount Sumbing (the South) and Mount Sindoro (north).

Borobudur temple has 10 levels consisting of 6 levels of square, 3 levels circular round and a main stupa as the peak. At each level there are several stupas. Altogether there are 72 stupas other than the main stupa. In each stupa there is a Buddha statue. Ten levels illustrate Buddhist philosophy that is the ten levels of Bodhisattva that must be passed to achieve perfection into Buddha in nirvana. This perfection is symbolized by the main stupa at the very top level. The structure of Borobudur when viewed from above forms a mandala structure depicting Buddhist cosmology and human thinking.

borobudur temple

WHERE IS BOROBUDUR TEMPLE?

Address: Borobudur, Borobudur, Mgelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

Village              : Borobudur

Sub-district     : Borobudur

Regency           : Magelang

Province          : Central Java (Jawa Tengah)

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY PRIVATE CAR:

Using Private car with driver means you are free for anything without bothering anyone else. You just do your own tour with friends or family in one car maximum of 5 people, if more than 5 people we can provide a larger car.

Private car tour is included: Car, an english speaking driver, fuel, Borobudur Temple entrance fees, parking, mineral water, local guide and transfer back to your hotel.

**) To get more information about our Tours and Transport service for your private Car, please read Jogja Tour Transport Service and Jogja TransporTeam

**) Find out Our Vehicles here: Toyota AvanzaDaihatsu Xenia, Suzuki Ertiga, Toyota Innova, Daihatsu Luxio, Toyota Hiace, Isuzu ElfKia TravelloMedium Bus, Toyota FortunerToyota Alphard and Toyota Camry.

*Our Transport is Support by :  Toyota Astra Indonesia, Daihatsu Indonesia, Suzuki Motor Indonesia

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY SHARING CAR:

Using Sharing car means, you’re joining a small group and share the transport price and seat with the other guests that going to the same direction or in one itinerary with minimum of 2 participants. An english speaking driver will pick up to your hotel and inform about your visit time for the places you visit.

Sharing car tour is included: Car, an english speaking driver, fuel, local Guide, parking and transfer back to your hotel.

** (Sharing Car Transport is recommended for budget Travellers and Students)

HOW TO GO TO THE LOCATION BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT:

Start From Tugu Railway Station: Firstly you can take Trans Jogja with route ( 3A ) and stop in Ngabean shelter, then please take route ( 2B ) and stop in Jombor bus station, then please take a public bus to Borobudur and stop at Borobudur bus station, then  please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to Borobudur Temple.

Start From Adisucipto Airport: Firstly you can take Trans Jogja with route ( 3A ) and stop in Condongcatur shelter, then please take route ( 2A ) and stop in Jombor bus station, then please take a public bus to Borobudur and stop at Borobudur bus station, then  please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to Borobudur Temple.

Start From Giwangan Bus Station: Firstly you can take Trans Jogja with route ( 3A ) and stop in Condongcatur shelter, then please take route ( 2A ) and stop in Jombor bus station, then please take a public bus to Borobudur and stop at Borobudur bus station, then  please take motorcycle ( ojek ) to Borobudur Temple.

ANOTHER INFORMATION:

OPENING HOURS

Via Borobudur public gate.

At 06.00 AM – 5.00 PM (Everyday)

Via Manohara hotel gate (Sunrise)

At 04.00 AM – 06.00 PM (Everyday)

ENTRANCE FEE

Borobudur Public Entrance. (Without Sunrise)

IDR 337.500/person for adult

Children/Studen Price (Show your valid student card or  passport to the loket)

IDR 202.500 /person

Manohara Hotel Entrance (Sunrise)

IDR450,000/person  (Not allowed to use student card)

IDR 225.000 for children under 10 years by show the Passport

COMBINE TICKET (without sunrise)

Borobudur & Prambanan (cheaper than regular ticket)

IDR 540.000 /person for adult.

IDR 405.000 /person for children & student by show Passport or student card at the locket.

*The price only for International visitor not for local.

PUBLIC FACILITIES

(Souvenirs Shops, Information Office, Museums (free), Official Local Guide Service, Audio Visual Documentary, Restaurant, Wheel Chair. Free coffee/Tea or Mineral Water for International Visitors).

VIDEO 2:

FIND SOME  OTHER TOURIST PLACES  NEAR BOROBUDUR TEMPLE:

  1. SITUMBU HILL
  2. ELO RIVER RAFTING
  3. MENDUT TEMPLE
  4. PAWON LUWAK COFFEE
  5. KALIADEM LAVA TOUR
  6. ULLEN SENTALU MUSEUM
  7. KETEP PASS
  8. CHICKEN CHURCH
  9. PRAMBANAN TEMPLE

JOGJA HOTELS:

We also provide list of the best accomodation options for travelers. Please choose the list of Hotels below.

FIND ANOTHER ACCOMODATIONS IN JOGJA

Boutique Hotel Resort Villa Bed & Breakfast Hostel Guesthouse Homestay

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE MAP:

BOOKING CONFIRMATION:

Anytime If you need transport to visit this place, you can contact me via Whatsapp (+62813 1880 6273)

Please send me your data via WhatsApp with this format for booking the tours:

Name                                                            : (The same name with the Hotel Booking)

Date of visit                                                : (From…/To…)

Number of traveler                                 : 

Room number of your Hotel/hostel : 

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